What is gout?
Gout is one of the type of arthritis that is cause sudden severe pain, redness, tenderness and inflammation in your joints usually in a big toe but it can be in any joints in your body. When your symptom get worse then is known as flares. Gout is never cure but it can be controlled by medication and self care.



What is the causes of gout?
Gout Is caused by when there is too much increases uric acid in your body, and extra uric acid form into sharp, needle like, crystals and build up in your joints, fluid and tissue that cause intense pain and inflammation of gout attack. Uric acid are produce when there is breakdown of purines in your body. purines is produce in your body when you eat food and become high when you eat high rich purines food like red meat, organ meet, liver, In seafood, anchovies, sardines, muscles, tuna, scallops, trout, tuna and also Alcohol with sweeten with fruit sugar.

What is the symptom of gout?
  • There is intense pain in your joint most often in the big toe but also any joint of your body like knee, finger, wrists, elbow, heel, etc.
  • After the attack of gout your joints discomfort it may be few weeks and you will not able move normally, your joint become inflamed, very painful, tender, red, hot, and swollen.
  • Tophi is the urate crystals it can collect outside the joints and can be seen under the skin you may see is like small white color.


How to diagnosed gout?
  • After sudden attack you should go to the rheumatologist is a specialization in gout and other kind of arthritis.
  • Your doctor ask your symptoms also examine your affected joints
  • Blood test may count the amount uric in your blood
  • Imaging test are the X-ray, ultrasound or MRI if your joint
  • Aspiration is method in which your to take fluid from the affected joint to check the crystal of the uric acid


What is the treatment if the gout?
  • Drink plenty of water at least 2 to 4 liters
  • Avoid alcohol
  • Eat Small amount of purine rich food like
  • Red meat
  • Organ meat
  • Liver
  • Seafood (Tuna)
  • Anchovies
  • Elevating the joints
  • Do icing on joints it may relieve some pain
  • Don't put stress on the joints


What is the medication of gout?
  • Corticosteroid
    Its relieve pain and swelling. Its can be administered by mouth or an injection
  • Colchicine
    It is taken it within 24 hours of a gout attack to reduce pain and inflammation. It is administrated in the mouth.
  • NSAIDs
    It can reduce swelling and pain. Some patient with health issue like stomach ulcer, kidney problem, are not allow to take this drugs


Drug which are reduce uric acid from the body for prevent further gout:
  • Allopurinol (drugs taken by mouth)
  • Febuxostat (drugs taken by mouth)
  • Probenecid (drugs taken by mouth)
  • Pegloticase are the intravenous infusion (In the vein)